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Torchmark Corporation Reports First Quarter 2012 Results
Apr 24, 2012
MCKINNEY, Texas, April 24, 2012 /PRNewswire/ -- Torchmark Corporation (NYSE: TMK) reported today that for the quarter ended March 31, 2012, net income was $1.17 per share, compared with $.84 per share for the year-ago quarter. Net operating income for the quarter was $1.27 per share, compared with $1.04 per share for the year-ago quarter. Prior year results have been restated due to new accounting guidance as discussed in the note below.
Reconciliations between net income and net operating income, GAAP ROE and management ROE, and GAAP book value and management book value are shown in the Financial Summary below.
Effective January 1, 2012, Torchmark retrospectively adopted new accounting guidance (Accounting Standards Update 2010-26) which amends the accounting for deferred acquisition costs. Prior year results have been restated to reflect the retroactive adoption. Shareholders' equity and deferred acquisition costs at December 31, 2011 were reduced by $369 million and $569 million, respectively. Net operating income for the first quarter of 2011 was reduced by $5 million and net operating income for the first quarter of 2012 was $2 million lower than it would have been under the previous accounting guidance. While the adoption of this guidance delays the recognition of underwriting margin on newly issued business, it has no impact on the ultimate profitability of that business and has no impact on Torchmark's cash flows, liquidity, or the statutory earnings of its insurance subsidiaries.
Net operating income, a non-GAAP financial measure, has long been consistently used by Torchmark's management to evaluate the operating performance of the Company, and is a measure commonly used in the life insurance industry. It differs from net income primarily because it excludes certain non-operating items such as realized investment gains and losses and nonrecurring items which are included in net income. Management believes that an analysis of net operating income is important in understanding the profitability and operating trends of the Company's business.
INSURANCE OPERATIONS – comparing the first quarter 2012 with first quarter 2011:
Life insurance accounted for 72% of the Company's insurance underwriting margin for the quarter and 64% of total premium revenue.
Health insurance, excluding Medicare Part D, accounted for 23% of Torchmark's insurance underwriting margin for the quarter and 26% of total premium revenue. Medicare Part D accounted for 5% of insurance underwriting margin and 10% of total premium revenue.
Net sales of life insurance increased 9%, while health sales, excluding Medicare Part D, increased 5%.
Insurance Premium Revenue
Insurance Underwriting Income
Insurance underwriting margin is management's measure of profitability of its life, health and annuity segments' underwriting performance, and consists of premiums less policy obligations, commissions and other acquisition expenses.
Insurance underwriting income is the sum of the insurance underwriting margins of the life, health and annuity segments, plus other income, less insurance administrative expenses. It excludes the investment segment, parent company expense and income taxes.
Total premium, underwriting margins, first-year collected premium and net sales by all distribution channels are shown at www.torchmarkcorp.com on the Investor Relations page at Financial Reports.
American Income Agency was Torchmark's leading contributor to total underwriting margin ($60 million), on premium revenue of $180 million. Life premiums of $161 million were up 10% and life insurance underwriting margin of $52 million was up 16%. As a percentage of life premium, life underwriting margin was 32%, up from 31% and the highest of the major life distribution channels at Torchmark. Producing agents grew to 5,104, up 26% from a year ago, and up 17% during the quarter. Net life sales were $39 million, up 17%.
Direct Response was Torchmark's second leading contributor to total underwriting margin ($41 million), on premium revenue of $176 million. Life premiums of $161 million were up 6% and the life underwriting margin was $38 million, up 10% from the year-ago quarter. As a percentage of life premium, life underwriting margin was 24%, up from 23%. Net life sales were $39 million, up 9%.
LNL Agency was Torchmark's third leading contributor to total underwriting margin ($32 million), on premium revenue of $141 million. Life premiums of $72 million were down 2% and life underwriting margin of $18 million was up 21%. As a percentage of life premium, life underwriting margin was 25%, up from 20%.
LNL Agency was Torchmark's second leading contributor to health underwriting margin ($14 million), on health premium of $70 million. Health underwriting margin as a percentage of premium was 20%, down from 21%. Net health sales were $3 million, up 16%.
LNL Agency producing agents fell to 1,276, down 31% from a year ago, and down 5% during the quarter. Net life sales for the LNL Agency were $7 million, down 22%.
UA Independent Agency was Torchmark's leading contributor to health underwriting margin ($15 million), on health premium of $77 million. Health underwriting margin as a percentage of premium was 20%, down from 21%. Net health sales were $8 million, up 10%.
Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Plan is distributed by Direct Response and the UA agencies. First quarter premium revenue was $74 million, up 50%. Underwriting margin for first quarter 2012 was $8 million, up 54%. Torchmark developed a new lower cost Part D plan for 2012 which has resulted in significant additions of low-income auto-enrollees. The new plan was priced with the same targeted profit margin as our other Part D plan.
For GAAP reporting, Medicare Part D premiums are recognized evenly throughout the year when they become due, and benefit costs are recognized when the costs are incurred. Due to the design of the product, premiums are evenly distributed throughout the year, but benefit costs are higher earlier in the year. As a result, under GAAP, benefit costs can exceed premiums in the first part of the year but be less than premiums during the remainder of the year. For net operating income purposes, Torchmark defers excess benefits incurred in earlier interim periods to later periods in order to more closely match the benefit cost with the associated revenue. For the full year, the total premiums and benefits are the same under this alternative method as they are under GAAP. The Company reports this difference between GAAP and management's non-GAAP disclosures, net of tax, as a reconciling item for the interim periods in the Financial Summary shown on page 1 of this release. A chart reconciling the Company's non-GAAP financial presentation to a GAAP presentation may be viewed on the Company's website at www.torchmarkcorp.com on the Investor Relations page at Financial Reports.
Administrative Expenses were $40.6 million, up 8% from the year-ago quarter. However, they were in line with the last three quarters of 2011.
Excess Investment Income – comparing the first quarter 2012 with the first quarter 2011:
Management uses excess investment income as the measure to evaluate the performance of the investment segment. It is net investment income reduced by required interest. Required interest includes interest credited to net policy liabilities and interest on debt.
Despite lower new money yields, both net investment income and average invested assets increased by about the same percentage. This is due to the fact that the Company held significantly more short term securities during the first quarter of 2011 than during the first quarter of 2012. Required interest on net policy liabilities increased 7%, while average liabilities only increased 5% because the average discount rate increased to 5.6% from 5.5% a year ago.
The composition of the investment portfolio at March 31, 2012 is as follows:
Fixed maturities at amortized cost by asset class are as follows:
The market value of Torchmark's fixed maturity portfolio was $12.0 billion; $873 million higher than amortized cost of $11.1 billion. The $873 million of net unrealized gains compares to $964 million at December 31, 2011. Gross unrealized gains and losses at March 31, 2012 were $1.1 billion and $191 million, respectively.
The investment portfolio contains no securities backed by sub-prime mortgages. Torchmark has no counterparty risk as it is not a party to any credit default swaps or other derivatives contracts and does not participate in securities lending.
At amortized cost, 93% of fixed maturities (95% at market value) were rated "investment grade."
The fixed maturity portfolio earned an annual effective yield of 6.47% during the first quarter of 2012, compared to 6.62% in the year-ago quarter.
Acquisitions of fixed maturity investments during the quarter totaled $232 million at cost. Comparable information for acquisitions of fixed maturity investments is as follows:
Realized Capital Gains on Investments – during the quarter ended March 31, 2012:
Torchmark had a net realized capital gain of $5.0 million ($3.3 million after tax) due primarily to sales of fixed maturities.
SHARE REPURCHASE – during the quarter ended March 31, 2012:
During the quarter, the Company repurchased 1.9 million shares of Torchmark Corporation common stock at a total cost of $89.8 million at an average price per share of $47.77.
Torchmark's operations consist primarily of writing basic protection life and supplemental health insurance policies which generate strong and stable cash flows.
Capital at the insurance companies is sufficient to support current operations. In addition, the parent company had $53 million of liquid assets at March 31, 2012.
EARNINGS GUIDANCE FOR THE YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 2012:
Torchmark projects that for the year ending December 31, 2012, net operating income per share will range from $5.10 to $5.40.
OTHER FINANCIAL INFORMATION:
More detailed financial information including various GAAP and Non-GAAP ratios and financial measurements are located at www.torchmarkcorp.com on the Investor Relations page under "Financial Reports and Other Financial Information."
CAUTION REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS:
This press release may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. These prospective statements reflect management's current expectations, but are not guarantees of future performance. Accordingly, please refer to Torchmark's cautionary statement regarding forward-looking statements, and the business environment in which the Company operates, contained in the Company's Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2011, and any subsequent Forms 10-Q on file with the Securities and Exchange Commission and on the Company's website at www.torchmarkcorp.com on the Investor Relations page. Torchmark specifically disclaims any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement because of new information, future developments or otherwise.
EARNINGS RELEASE CONFERENCE CALL WEBCAST:
Torchmark will provide a live audio webcast of its first quarter 2012 earnings release conference call with financial analysts at 11:00 a.m. (Eastern) tomorrow, April 25, 2012. Access to the live webcast and replay will be available at www.torchmarkcorp.com on the Investor Relations page, at the Conference Calls on the Web icon. Immediately following this press release, supplemental financial reports will be available before the conference call on the Investor Relations page menu of the Torchmark website at "Financial Reports and Other Financial Information."
SOURCE Torchmark Corporation
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